The thyroid is a gland located under the Adam's apple in the lower part of the neck and surrounds the windpipe. It has a structure resembling a butterfly with two wings (lobes) in shape. The job of this butterfly-like structure is to produce hormones that help our body use energy and function properly. For example, the thyroid is a structure that controls many behaviors of the body, from how fast we burn calories to how fast our heart beats. However, the continuous attack of the immune system, which is responsible for protecting the body, by defining the thyroid structure as an enemy for an unknown reason, causes chronic inflammation of the thyroid, and the result is Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

The disease got its name from Dr.Hakaru Hashimoto, who described it in 1912. Dr. In this disease described by Hashimoto, our immune system constantly produces antibodies against the thyroid, causing this structure to be damaged and thus to deteriorate the job description. As such, the disease has an autoimmune character.

Who does Hashimoto's disease affect?

The incidence of the disease in women is much higher than in men. This disease, which can be seen at young ages and especially in young women, makes itself felt more between the ages of 40-60. Some diseases can also bring the risk of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Among these diseases; type 1 diabetes, celiac, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, pernicious anemia are the leading ones. If your family or relatives have had this disease, you may also be at risk. However, this does not necessarily indicate that the disease has a genetic character.

What are the most common symptoms of the disease?

* It has been observed that sweating decreases with the disease.
* There is an increased sensitivity to cold
* The skin is dry and cold
* Nails become brittle
* Weakening of hair tissue and hair loss (alopecia)
* Patients complain of muscle weakness
* Children may have a growth retardation problem.
* Sexual dysfunctions
* Excessive thirst and frequent urination
* Swelling in the face and eye area
* Carpal tunnel syndrome
* Unexplained weight gain
* Heavy menstrual bleeding/ irregular menstrual problems
* Growth of the tongue
* Sleep apnea
* Fatigue quickly and difficulty in breathing
* Anxiety and depression
* Inability to focus on work
* Feeling sluggish and tired most of the time
* Frequent illnesses such as colds and flu
* Hoarseness
* Constipation and bloating due to digestive problems